Esha IVF

What are the causes of miscarriage

Miscarriage, the loss of a pregnancy before the 20th week, is a common yet distressing experience for many women.

Approximately 80% of miscarriages occur within the first three months of pregnancy, often when the fetus ceases to develop. Although early miscarriages are frequent, affecting one in five women for no apparent reason, they are largely uncontrollable.

Recognizing Warning Signs

Recognizing the warning signs of miscarriage is crucial for seeking prompt medical attention.

These signs include vaginal bleeding ranging from mild to severe, accompanied by severe abdominal pain and cramps. However, it's essential to note that not all instances of bleeding during the first trimester result in miscarriage.

Understanding the Causes

Understanding the causes of miscarriage remains complex, with genetic abnormalities accounting for about 50% of cases.

The risk of defective genes increases with maternal age, particularly for women over 35.

Other potential causes include chronic illnesses like diabetes and hypertension, dIsorders of the immune system like lupus, infections such as TORCH, hormonal imbalances, uterine abnormalities like fibroids or cysts, incompetent cervix(your cervix begins to open too early in pregnancy),malnutrition, and certain medications.Life style factors such as smoking,drinking alcohol.

Tests After Repeated Miscarriages

For individuals experiencing two to three consecutive miscarriages, further tests such as blood tests or genetic tests are recommended.

Genetic tests are conducted to detect chromosome abnormalities, while blood tests assess hormonal imbalances and to diagnose immunological disorders.

Identifying the underlying cause is crucial for preventing future miscarriages, and most individuals with repeat miscarriages can still have a healthy pregnancy with appropriate medical management.

Treatment Options

In many cases, no treatment is required for miscarriage, as it is a natural process. However, in rare instances, surgical intervention or medications may be necessary. The decision on whether to pursue treatment depends on various factors, including the individual's health status and preferences.

Prevention Strategies

While miscarriage cannot always be prevented, certain lifestyle modifications can help reduce the risk. Maintaining a healthy diet, taking folic acid supplements, managing weight, engaging in regular exercise, and avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption are all recommended strategies.

It is essential to seek support from healthcare providers and loved ones during this challenging time. Remember, you are not alone, and there are resources available to help you navigate through this.